Google has declared the introduction of a new feature in its beta Google Console called the URL inspection. This is the tool that will help you gain insight into a specific URL regarding how Google has indexed that particular version of the page.
Google announced that it gives a detailed account of indexing, crawling, and server information about the pages straight from Google index. This information can be put to use for spotting structured data and AMP errors and indexing problems.
This feature is not live yet as Google has just introduced it and hopes to make it available to all in the weeks to come.
See the forum discussion at Twitter.